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Bones of lower limb
Coxal bone
Right
Right coxal bone
It is a bone consisting of the ilium (upward), ischium (downward and backward), and pubis (downward and forward) bones. The ischium and pubis bones fuse around the age of 7, while the ilium bone fuses with them around the age of 15 or 16. These bones connect with their bodies to form the acetabulum (ilium-2/5 of the acetabulum, pubis-1/5 of the acetabulum, and ischium-2/5 of the acetabulum). On the basis of the shape of the pubic, iliac and ischial bones, it is possible to identify both the sex and age of an individual. Generally speaking, the female pelvis is low and wide, with the dimensions of the smaller pelvis clearly marked. The male pelvis is high, with less of a lumen in the lesser pelvis.
Bones of lower limb
Coxal bone
Left
Left coxal bone
It is a bone consisting of the ilium (upward), ischium (downward and backward), and pubis (downward and forward) bones. The ischium and pubis bones fuse around the age of 7, while the ilium bone fuses with them around the age of 15 or 16. These bones connect with their bodies to form the acetabulum (ilium-2/5 of the acetabulum, pubis-1/5 of the acetabulum, and ischium-2/5 of the acetabulum). On the basis of the shape of the pubic, iliac and ischial bones, it is possible to identify both the sex and age of an individual. Generally speaking, the female pelvis is low and wide, with the dimensions of the smaller pelvis clearly marked. The male pelvis is high, with less of a lumen in the lesser pelvis.
Bones of lower limb
Free part of lower limb
Femur
Right
Right femur
It is the longest bone in the human body. The greater trochanter is where the external pelvic muscles attach. The lesser trochanter is the site of attachment of the iliopsoas muscle (m. iliopsoas). Attached to the bone is the quadratus femoris (m. quadratus femoris), which is the largest muscle in the human body. The shaft of the bone is slightly convex anteriorly. The lateral condyle of the bone serves as an attachment for the popliteal muscle (m. popliteus).
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